Tricky Cut Outs made EASY and FAST: PHOTOSHOP #76

Tricky Cut Outs made EASY and FAST: PHOTOSHOP #76

All right, so I'm just in the middle of recordinga brand new, full length video tutorial to go on to my website.

Part of that tutorial is where I actuallycut out the tree that you can see on screen now and put it into a new environment.

As it's a really quick way to do it, quicktechnique, I thought I'd just do that as a short video for you this week.

How do I go about cutting it out? Simply, I would use for something like this,the Select and I'd go to Color Range.

The contrast between the actual tree and thesky should make this really really simple.

There's just a couple of extra little thingsin there that I want to show you.

If you haven't used it before the Color Rangebasically works by whenever we bring up the dialogue box we put our cursor into our pictureand anywhere that we click the color underneath it is what we're going to select.

Photoshop will look at the color you clickon top of and it will say, "What else in that picture has a similar color?" You'll see that show up in the preview, justover here on the right hand side you can see that some areas are white, some areas areblack.

Basically wherever you click down that colorand the colors just either side of it are what's been selected and showing up as whitein the preview.

What I want to do is I want to get the treeout of this scene here.

I'm going to click down on some of the leavesand I can also hold down my shift key and then click and drag across the tree to pickup a few more leaves in there that have got a slightly different color to them and tint.

I can also use this thing here called theFuzziness Slider.

I don't know why they called it fuzziness,maybe range would be a better name for it, but basically what this means is whereverwe click down we can then go to the right hand side to tell Photoshop to choose morecolors either side of where we clicked, or we can take it to the left to say choose lesscolors than where we actually clicked on top of.

I'm going to take it a little bit to the right,and you can see that the preview here is getting more and more white over that tree area.

There's so far when I go with it, if I gotoo far you can probably see on your screen how the actual sky area is starting to goa little bit funky.

Let's just bring that back a touch to somewherelike that.

Once you've done that you click 'Okay', Photoshopthrows a right hissy fit and you can see all the marching ants going all over the place.

Now, we only want the tree, I don't want allthis bottom bit with all the grass and these smaller trees here selected.

I'm just going to get my Lasso tool, holddown my Alt key, so that's going to take away from the selection and I'm just going to dragvery very rough outline into the sky, down around the trunk, and then over to the righthand side, underneath, and all the way back up.

That now has taken all those other areas thathave been selected out, so the only ones really around the tree.

To cut the tree off the background, now thatwe've got the marching ants there I'm just going to click to add a layer mask, and itkind of virtually cuts it out, and you can see that it's done an okay job, but thereare quite a few transparent areas.

In fact, to make that just a little bit easierto see I'm going to put a layer beneath that.

If I hold down my Command or Control key,click on the new layer icon, it'll put a layer directly below, and I'm going to fill thatwith white, so we've got Edit, Fill and we'll just choose white and click 'Okay'.

Now you can kind of see what we're gettinghere.

There are certain areas in the sky that aren'tpure white, and if I just hold down my Option key or Alt key, click on the layer mask, youcan see that we've got quite a bit of grey coming in there which we don't want.

I need to get rid of that, and a really quickway I can do that is just get a brush, a normal brush with a black foreground color, and thetrick here is that I'm going to use a blend mode, in the Options at the top I'm goingto choose Overlay, this basically means I can use this brush and it will only effectthe grey areas.

You can see as I'm painting around, you cansee that the brush is actually going over parts of the tree but it's not affecting them,it's only affecting the grey areas on what should be black around the tree.

The great thing with this as well is the treedid have a few bits of transparency, and you can probably see on your screen how it's notpure white in some areas.

Using that same Overlay Blend mode with abrush, if I now paint with white I can then paint over the tree and it will actually increasethe white over the grey areas within the tree, but again it's not affecting the oppositecolor.

You can see as I paint on the trunk the blackareas of the image aren't being affected.

This is a really great way of finessing anylayers masks or channels that you create.

Let's just go for around about there.

Let's go back to the normal view, hold downthe Alt or Option key, click on the layer mask and we can see there that's done a prettygood job.

If you wanted the tree to have a little bitmore density, if it still wasn't looking quite good, if we just zoom in, just watch the leavesnow, if I just duplicate this layer by holding down my Command or Control key and pressingJ, can you see how the leaves and the branches thickened up a little bit? You can press it again and again until youget a really dense tree there.

The top layer is selected, I'm going to holddown my Shift key, click on the bottom layer, so now all four of those layers are selected,go to the flyout menu at the top right hand corner of the layers panel and I'm just goingto go Merge Layers, and then I've got my tree cut out.

Now if I get my Move tool, I can then click,move the tree around, and I can drag it off, put it into a new scene and composite it in.

It's just a really quick way that you couldactually cut out something that ordinarily you would think would be quite tricky, butjust a really simple use of the Color Range and then using that Overlay Blend mode witha brush when you're painting in black or white makes it so much easier.

Right, that's all I've got for you.

I'll see you next week.

Source: Youtube