– Okay, so if you've followedmy videos for a while now you'll know that I have a bit of a thing for selections and cutouts.
So, in this video I want toshow you another little trick for making your selectionslook so much better.
Plus, I've got a secrettip to share with you.
(typing) Now, I'm going to show you this technique on this deer picture and this is a picture that I've used in a recentvideo where I went through how you can use a brush to fake a cut out.
If you've not seen it, youcan click on the banner appearing at the top ofthe screen to watch it now or just wait untilthe end of the video and I'll add a thumbnail thatyou can just simply click on.
So, what exactly is this technique? Well, on-screen you cansee that I've got an active selection that I've made of this deer.
All I've done at this stage is just used the quick selection tool.
So, when I zoom in youcan see that there is definitely a little more that I need to do where I need to pick upall these extra fine hairs that the quick selectiontool isn't able to do.
Now, I'm currently using thecurrent version of Photoshop.
This is now January 2017and you can see from the top of the screen here that I'm using Adobe Photoshop cc: 2017.
And what we have availableto us with this version is what's called Select and Mask.
This is from a recent updatewhere Adobe have updated Refine Edge and givenus this Select and Mask.
You can see in the optionsby the top of the screen, when I click on that we get a much bigger dialogue box with much moresliders and a few little different options over onthe left hand side as well.
Now, I've got to be honestwith you and just between me and you, I'm not really a big fan of using Select and Mask and Ido know a few friends as well that are of the same opinion.
I loved Refine Edge.
I thought that just did an absolute treat when it came to pickingup all those fine hairs when making selections.
However, all is not lostif you've got the update.
You're not just stuckwith Select and Mask.
Let me just cancel and come out of here.
Now, this is something thata friend of mine Colin Smith, who runs Photoshop Cafe– I'll put up details ofhim and links to his store in the description part of this video– But Colin revealed a littletrick that you can do to bring back Refine Edge.
The way we're gonna do thisis, we're gonna go to the select menu at the top of thescreen and then we can see here we've got the optionto go into Select and Mask but rather than just clickingon it, hold down your shift key and then click on it.
And then what you'regonna get is Refine Edge.
Good old Refine Edge is back.
So now, we can carry on usingwhat we're used to using.
And, if we're honest, whatdid a pretty good job anyway.
So, huge thanks to Colin for that one.
All is not lost.
Westill have Refine Edge.
So, now that we're in RefineEdge, what I'm gonna do is just use the edge detectiontool, which is on by default, just to pick up some of theextra hairs that we couldn't get with the first pass when weused the quick selection tool to make the selection of the deer.
Now, I would ordinarily goall the way around the deer to pick up all the hairs.
But, just for speed and just to show you this tech nice and quickly,we'll stick to this one area of the deer.
Just on the main hair.
And this is where there's a majority of all those fine hairs.
And you can see just withone simple pass there, it seems like it'sdoing a really good job.
So, what I'll now do is sendthis image out of Refine Edge and back into Photoshopso I could then carry on with my compositing.
So, to do that I'm gonnago to the output menu at the bottom of theRefine Edge properties here and where it saysselection, I'm gonna choose new layer with layermask and then click okay.
And that will then send itback over into Photoshop.
Now, at this stage it's prettydifficult to see exactly what we're working with herebecause of this transparent layer, this transparent checkerboard here.
So, what I'm gonna do isjust add a colour below it just so it makes things much clearer.
To do that, I'm gonnago to the layer menu, choose new fill layer and solid colour.
I'll give it a name.
Something like sky.
We'll click okay.
We'regonna get the colour picker.
I'm just gonna use a veryde-saturated lightish kind of blue colour.
That will be fine.
I'm just gonna drag itthen below the deer.
Now, you don't need to do that.
I'm purely doing it so thatyou can see nice and clearly what we've got here to work with.
So when I zoom in youcan see what initially looked like a really goodselection – I'm picking up all these fine hairs- it isn't quite as good as what we first thought and sure, yeah, it's done a pretty good job.
It's managed to pickup some of those hairs, but it actually starts tolook a little bit crispy.
The hair that's pickedup is a lot lighter.
I think Refine Edge has struggled with it just a little bit because thecontrast was very, very low maybe in this particular area and it definitely needs some kind of improvement.
We've got what we call fringing.
So, here's how we can get rid of it.
Well, in fact the videoat the end of this, the little thumbnail atthe end of this video, if you click on that, I'vegot one technique you can use using brushes to maybefake the look of making this look better than it is.
But here's another wayusing the clone stamp tool.
And this is reallyuseful when you have this particular fringing whereyou can see some of the hairs there, but they're really,really light in colour.
Now, to do this what wefirst of all need to do is click on the layerthat contains our cut out.
Then I'm gonna add a newblank layer to the top of the layer stack.
I'm gonna call this one hair.
So that's the first thing we need to do.
Then I'm gonna go to thetoolbar and choose the Clone Stamp Tool, or justpress S on the keyboard, which is a keyboard shortcut.
Now, when we use a toolin Photoshop, each tool has it's own set of optionsthat we can actually alter to change how the actual tool behaves.
And the clone stamp tool, here we can see the options at the top.
There's a couple ofchanges we need to make.
The first one is where itsays sample and I've got mine set to current and below.
The reason for that isthat I want to use a blank layer to do my cloningon so that it's nondestructive.
If I try to clone on a blank layer, well there's nothing that Ican sample to clone from.
So, I need to tell Photoshopto look below this layer to where you will find pixels.
So, by me using current and below, that's what Photoshop will do.
So, it looks through the hair layer.
It sees the deer layerbelow it and it can then use the clone stamp tool absolutely fine.
So, that's what we need to do there.
The next thing we need todo is where it says mode.
Now, ordinarily that'sgonna be set to normal.
Now, we're gonna change it to darken.
And I'll explain why in just a moment.
So, we changed the mode todarken, set the sample there to current and below.
The final thing that we need to do.
With this hair layer, we're gonna create what's called a clipping mask.
The clipping mask basicallymeans, that whatever appears on this hair layer is onlyvisible on the visible parts of the layer below.
Now, we're gonna becloning to make this hair, this fringing hair, look better.
So we only want the cloningto appear on the hair.
So, by me adding a clippingmask, it's only gonna be visible on that hair, as opposed to appearing all over the background.
And I'll kind of explainthat a little bit more as we go through this.
But to add a clippingmask, all I need to do is put my cursor in between the hair layer and this deer copy layer then hold down my optionkey on Mac or alt key on PC and then click.
And you'll see that thelittle thumbnail icon here moves up to the right handside and we get this little downward facing arrow which is telling us that this layer is now a clipping mask.
So, now that we've gotthat set up, let's come over to the deer itself.
I'm using my clone stamptool and I'm gonna sample some of the hair on the deer's main hair.
Not the fringing.
Justa little bit further in.
To sample it, I hold downmy option key or alt key depending if I'm working on Mac or PC.
And then, we click tosample it into Photoshop's memory, like so.
And then all I'm going todo is brush over the hair on the actual mane,it's got this fringing.
Now, you'll notice that it's actually starting to darken it down.
Now, because we usedthis darken blend mode, all that's happening hereis the area that I sampled is quite dark.
So, when I bring my clonestamp tool over the fringing, Photoshop will only addthe cloning onto the areas that are lighter thanwhere I initially cloned.
So, it's not just gonnaclone over everything.
It's only gonna clone over thelight parts of the fringing.
So, it's a really great way of controlling where that cloning appears.
And you can see I'm onlydoing a very, very quick pass here, but if I turnthat layer on and off you can see the differencethat it's making already.
It's worth bearing inmind that you're never gonna get a perfect selection.
But what we can do inPhotoshop is use the tools available to us to make the selections look as good as possible.
And in the case of that brush technique that you can catch atthe end of this video, we can also fake cutouts so that they look better than they really are.
Now let's just zoom out just a touch.
And you can see now, we go from before with that really light fringing to there, where we have much, muchhair visible so it's actually improving thelook of the actual mane and all the hair that we'vepicked up just there as well.
So, I would probably do that going all the way around the deer,especially on the tail where we picked up some of that fringing.
And hopefully, then we've managed to get another great looking putout.
And this is just anothertool that you can add into your Photoshop toolbox.
So, that's pretty much it.
Make sure that you clickon the little thumbnail at the end of the videohere to watch that extra one if you haven't seen it already.
But there you go.
That's all from me.
Make sure that, if youhaven't already, you subscribe to this video so thatyou don't miss out on any new videos that are posted.
I try to do them once every week.
Don't miss out on any of those.
And also, I'd really appreciateit if you could think about sharing this video and maybe sharing details of the channel withother people that you know would really like to benefit from a lot of the free content that I post out there.
And of course, if you'remember of my newsletter, my mailing group, you'realso gonna be able to have access to the filesthat I use in the videos.
So that you don't just have to watch them, you can also follow along.
And that is definitelythe best way to learn.
But for now, that's all from me.
I'll catch you next time.